One hundred years ago the US began its 19-year occupation of Haiti. It had profound effects on the Caribbean nation. But why did it even happen?
The immediate cause was the violent overthrow and murder of a pro-American dictator, Jean Vilbrune Guillaume Sam. The same day, several hundred US Marines and sailors landed from the USS Washington, which was standing off the capital, Port-au-Prince.
Only one Haitian soldier attempted to oppose the initial landing, and was killed for his trouble, becoming the first casualty of the occupation.